Over recent years we’ve witnessed certain trends and shifts in operational technology (OT) attacks. By extrapolating from these attacks we can predict what the future of OT attacks might look like. As AI becomes ubiquitous across every industry, we should expect cyber-criminals to also be looking to leverage AI for malicious purposes. OT attacks are particularly well-suited to benefit from advances in malicious AI. The ability for industrial malware to operate autonomously without communicating with command and control and to blend into its environment is highly desirable for OT attack campaigns. The AI and machine learning techniques necessary to develop AI-powered malware a reality already exist. It’s just a matter of when malware authors will be able to hone these techniques to make AI attacks a reality. This shift in attack patterns will necessitate a change in defensive strategy. This talk will explore the future use of AI in both industrial attacks and defense.